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Science

SCIENCE

All course offerings are dependent upon teacher availability, enrollment, space, and scheduling.

EARTH SCIENCE I #4210 (Grade 9) – SOL/EOC test administered

Prerequisite: None

Earth Science I covers the various aspects of the planet Earth including its geology, meteorology, oceanography, and related astronomy. Emphasis is placed on the involvement of the student to form an overall view of our earth as it affects the individual and mankind.

HONORS EARTH SCIENCE #4210H (Grade 9)

Prerequisite: Biology/Instructor recommendation

Honors Earth science is a rigorous, comprehensive study of earth and space science designed for students that have a special interest and appreciation for science as a living process and want the in depth treatment of this subject. Students must have demonstrated high levels of achievement and motivation to learn in previous science classes.  There is an emphasis on current environmental science issues in the Commonwealth of Virginia.  The use of science skills in systematic and objective investigations will be used to foster problem solving and decision making processes related to the economics of utilizing the Earth’s resources.  Emphasis will be placed on the four core areas of Earth Science including units on Geology, Astronomy, Oceanography, and Meteorology.  A strong background in math, English, and science classes is recommended.  All students in this class will take the SOL at the end of the term as well as a comprehensive exam.

BIOLOGY I #4310 (Grades 10) – SOL/EOC test administered                                                                                             

Prerequisite: Earth Science I

Biology I is a science course which incorporates both lab and lectures in the presentation of the following areas: ecology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, taxonomic relationships of plants and animals, reproduction and heredity, microbiology cellular structure and function, general biology, and scope of biology.

CHEMISTRY #4410 (Grades 11, 12) – SOL/EOC test administered                                                                                  

Prerequisite: C in Biology I or Earth Science I; (Algebra II must either be completed or taken concurrently.)

This is an introductory laboratory course that surveys the major topics in inorganic chemistry, with an introduction to organic and nuclear chemistry as well as biochemistry.  Designed for the college-bound student, it is a mathematically oriented course with emphasis on problem-solving and experimental techniques.  Topics include atomic structure, the periodic table, chemical formulas and bonding, stoichiometry, chemical reactions, and acids and bases.

EARTH SCIENCE II:  ASTRONOMY #4260 (Grades 11, 12)                                              

Prerequisite:  Earth Science I, Biology I

Astronomy examines the forces and celestial bodies of the universe.  This course is designed to provide interested students with the opportunity to participate in an in depth study of the physical and mechanical universe.  Students will investigate the historical development of astronomy as a science, leading to a knowledge that will enable them to understand the discoveries of the twenty-first century.  This course will incorporate activities such as stargazing through telescopes, laboratory exercises, and classroom demonstrations.  Students will be well versed in the terminology and techniques of the modern astronomer.

EARTH SCIENCE II:  GEOLOGY #4240 (Grades 11, 12)                                                               

Prerequisite:  Earth Science I, Biology I

Geology examines the physical and historical aspects of the Earth with emphasis placed on the geological processes and features that students have encountered or may encounter in their lives.  The dynamic forces (both gradual and sudden) that have shaped the Earth in the past and continue to alter the face of the planet today are studied.  Students participate in laboratory activities that provide hands-on experiences in the use of the tools and techniques, with a focus on the gathering and preparation of Geologic specimens and the interpretation of data.   

BIOLOGY II:  GENETICS #4350 (Grades 11, 12)

Prerequisite:  Earth Science I, C or higher in Biology I

Genetics examines the historical and theoretical aspects of this specific field of biology.  General areas of study will include molecular genetics, the passage of traits from parents to offspring, and the origin and change of life-forms over time.  As we accomplish this study, students will become properly equipped with the skills to deal with the ethical issues related to these topics.  Emphasis is on acquiring knowledge through laboratory experiences and understanding the processes of science. 

BIOLOGY II:  ADVANCED SURVEY OF BIOLOGY TOPICS #4320

Prerequisite:  B or better in Biology; C or better in Chemistry or taking Chemistry concurrently

The purpose of this course is to prepare students to take AP Biology.  In Pre-AP, students conduct field and laboratory investigation, use scientific methods during investigations, and make informed decisions using critical-thinking and scientific problem solving.  Students study a variety of topics that include: structures and functions of cells and viruses; growth and development of organisms; cells, tissues, and organs; nucleic acids and genetics; biological evolution; taxonomy; metabolism and energy transfers in the living organisms; living systems; homeostasis; ecosystems; and plants and the environment.  After completion of this course, students will continue in AP Biology. 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY #4370 (Grades 11, 12)                                                                                          

Prerequisite: B in Biology I; C in Chemistry; Teacher recommendation from Biology II:  Advanced Survey of Biology Topics. Genetics and/or Anatomy strongly recommended.

The purpose of this course is to prepare students to take the Advanced Placement Biology exam for which college credit and/or placement may be granted by an approving institution for a qualifying score. Advanced Placement Biology is a second-level biology course that utilizes laboratory research activities to acquaint students with the means by which biological information is collected and interpreted. The course is designed for students who have completed the core science curriculum and are now prepared to pursue more advanced and specialized studies. (All students are expected to take the Advanced Placement Biology exam in May.) 

INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS #4510 (Grades 11, 12) Prerequisite: Chemistry.  Juniors must have completed Math Analysis prior to taking Physics. Seniors must have completed or be taking Math Analysis concurrently.

Physics is the science of matter and is concerned with its fundamental structure, properties and behavior. This course analyzes motion, force, friction, energy, light, sound, electricity, heat, and nuclear physics. It is a college preparatory course highly recommended for those going into any type of scientific profession, as well as a general information course for those who want to be prepared for our advanced technical society. 

AP PHYSICS I #4570 (Grades 11, 12)

Prerequisite: Chemistry and Physics

AP Physics teaches fundamental principles of physics. The class covers mechanics, thermodynamics, wave phenomena, electricity and magnetism, and selected topics in modern physics.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY #4330
(Grades 11, 12)                                                                                                                                                                                  

Prerequisite: B in Biology I; C in Chemistry or currently enrolled in Chemistry; passed Biology and Chemistry SOL tests

Anatomy and Physiology is a course dealing largely with the anatomy, physiology, ecology, biochemistry, and biophysics of higher mammalian life. Extensive laboratory experiences in anatomical dissection of the cat specimen and comprehensive treating of human physiology are provided. The course is biologically oriented and particularly suited to those students who wish to enter the medical and allied science fields, biology, biochemistry, or physical education.

MARINE SCIENCE #46102 (Grade 12)                                                                                                                                     

Prerequisite: Seniors only; B in Biology I; C in Chemistry; passed Biology and Chemistry SOL tests

The purpose of the course is to study the sciences of geology, biology, chemistry, and physics in relation to bodies of salt water. Studies will include the geology of ocean basins, chemistry of a balanced ecosystem, the physics of wave and water motion, the biosystems that live in salt water, marine life in its natural habitat, and possible environmental dangers to those areas.


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